Muslims & Mosques
Islam is a significant and influential religion in Tanzania, contributing to the country’s rich tapestry of religious diversity. While Christianity is the largest religion, Tanzania is home to a substantial Muslim population, particularly in coastal areas and on the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba. The majority of Tanzanian Muslims are Sunni, and there is also a presence of Sufi orders, adding depth to the practice of Islam in the country.
Mosques are spread throughout Tanzania, serving as places of worship and community gathering for Muslims. In urban centers and rural communities alike, mosques play a central role in the lives of Tanzanian Muslims. Friday prayers, known as Jumu’ah, are significant communal events where worshippers come together for congregational prayers and religious sermons. During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims observe fasting from dawn to sunset, culminating in communal prayers and festive celebrations at the end of the month, known as Eid al-Fitr.
Tanzania is known for its tradition of religious tolerance and peaceful coexistence between different faith communities. Interfaith relations between Christians and Muslims are generally harmonious, contributing to the overall religious diversity of the nation. The government of Tanzania has historically promoted a secular state, allowing for the free practice of various religions without discrimination.
Islam’s influence extends beyond religious practices to various aspects of Tanzanian society. Islamic principles guide many aspects of daily life, including family relationships, business practices, and social interactions. The Muslim community is actively engaged in charitable activities, contributing to the well-being of society through initiatives such as education, healthcare, and social welfare.